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31 Aug

New technologies and modern design trends are changing the appearance of hookahs.

Despite the obvious benefits of modern hookahs, because of high production cost and lack of modern equipment in traditional hookah manufacturing regions, most hookahs are still produced with older technologies.

While the Iranian leaders welcomed the fall of the Taliban, they also saw the presence of American troops in neighboring Afghanistan as a national security threat.

Tehran’s support for insurgent groups in Afghanistan, including the Taliban, has been a source of great anxiety for the ISAF and Afghan forces struggling to stabilize Afghanistan.

Silicone rubber compounds are used for hookah hoses instead of leather and wire.

New materials make modern hookahs more durable, eliminate odors while smoking and allow washing without risks of corrosion or bacterial decay.

Instead of copper, brass, and low quality alloys, manufacturers increasingly use stainless steel and aluminium.

Persian qalyan is included in the earliest European compendium on tobacco, the tobacolgia written by Johan Neander and published in Dutch in 1622.

It seems that over time water pipes acquired a Persian connotation as in eighteenth-century Egypt the most fashionable pipes were called Karim Khan after the Persian ruler of the day.

Persian sources imply that the use of tobacco was already known in Persia before its introduction into Europe in the 1550s. 1535), a Persian poet, refers to the use of the ḡalyān (Falsafī, II, p. 15), thus dating its use at least as early as the time of the Shah Ṭahmāsp I.

The water pipe (qalyān) and tobacco, for instance, are mentioned in a poem of the Persian poet Ahli Širāzi (d. It seems, therefore, that Abu’l-Fath Gilani should be credited with the introduction of the ḡalyān, already in use in Persia, into India.